Books

Atlantic Monthly Press
Atlantic Monthly Press
Atlantic Monthly Press
NEW!

How the West Stole Democracy from the Arabs

The Arab Congress of 1920 and the Destruction of a Unique Liberal-Islamic Alliance

by Elizabeth F. Thompson

The story of a pivotal moment in modern world history, when Arabs established a representative democracy — and how the West crushed it

  • Imprint Atlantic Monthly Press
  • Page Count 496
  • Publication Date April 07, 2020
  • ISBN-13 978-0-8021-4820-9
  • Dimensions 6" x 9"
  • US List Price $30.00
  • Imprint Atlantic Monthly Press
  • Publication Date April 07, 2020
  • ISBN-13 978-0-8021-4821-6
  • US List Price $30.00

When Europe’s Great War engulfed the Ottoman Empire, Arab nationalists rose in revolt against their Turkish rulers and allied with the British on the promise of an independent Arab state. In October 1918, the Arabs’ military leader, Prince Faisal, victoriously entered Damascus and proclaimed a constitutional government in an independent Greater Syria.

Faisal won American support for self-determination at the Paris Peace Conference, but other Entente powers plotted to protect their colonial interests. Under threat of European occupation, the Syrian-Arab Congress declared independence on March 8, 1920 and crowned Faisal king of a “civil representative monarchy.” Sheikh Rashid Rida, the most prominent Islamic thinker of the day, became Congress president and supervised the drafting of a constitution that established the world’s first Arab democracy and guaranteed equal rights for all citizens, including non-Muslims.

But France and Britain refused to recognize the Damascus government and instead imposed a system of mandates on the pretext that Arabs were not yet ready for self-government. In July 1920, the French invaded and crushed the Syrian state. The fragile coalition of secular modernizers and Islamic reformers that had established democracy was destroyed, with profound consequences that reverberate still.

Using previously untapped primary sources, including contemporary newspaper accounts, reports of the Syrian-Arab Congress, and letters and diaries from participants, How the West Stole Democracy from the Arabs is a groundbreaking account of an extraordinary, brief moment of unity and hope—and of its destruction.

Praise for How the West Stole Democracy from the Arabs:

How the West Stole Democracy from the Arabs should be required reading for policymakers and pundits who promote the lie that Arabs require western invasions to impose democracy. It proves that the West, far from promoting democracy in the Middle East, strangled it at birth. This excellent and enlightening book ranks with Margaret Macmillan’s award-winning Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World as a ground-breaking work of both thorough scholarship and fine writing.”—Charles Glass, former ABC News Chief Middle East Correspondent and author of Tribes with Flags: A Journey Curtailed and They Fought Alone: The True Story of the Starr Brothers, British Secret Agents in Nazi-Occupied France

“There are historical periods that seem full of possibilities for those who experience them; only in retrospect—when those possibilities have been foreclosed—do outcomes seem clear and inevitable. Harnessing meticulous research to careful analysis; moving among international diplomacy, personal interactions, and local politics, Thompson expertly argues that after World War I, the fate of Ottoman Arab lands was not merely contested but that radically different outcomes for independence, constitutional government, and liberal arrangements were very live possibilities, far more so than is generally remembered.”—Nathan J. Brown, Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at George Washington University

Praise for Elizabeth F. Thompson:

“This book deserves to be widely read. One of the most significant contributions to the historiography of modern Syria and Lebanon in recent years.”—American Historical Review, on Colonial Citizens

“A major work by an eminent scholar of the Middle East, Justice Interrupted provides a panoramic view of the region’s struggle for justice and constitutional government over the past century and a half. Thompson offers powerful evidence that the pro-democratic aspirations of the Arab Spring have long roots.”—Charles Kurzman, author of The Missing Martyrs, on Justice Interrupted

“Once again, Elizabeth Thompson delivers a first-rate book: original in approach, rich in content, yet readable in style. She is inspiring and brilliant, and I will recommend her new book enthusiastically.”—Leila Tarazi Fawaz, author of An Occasion for War, on Justice Interrupted

“An urgent and accessible history of ‘ideas in action,’ Justice Interrupted is essential reading for anyone interested in the past, present, and possible futures of the entire region.”—Max Weiss, author of In the Shadow of Sectarianism, on Justice Interrupted

“Thompson sees the thirst for justice and reform blossoming as long as 400 years ago…Most intriguing, she finds elements of this constitutional liberalism even within fundamentalist Islamist movements that democratizers most worry about.”—Boston Globe, on Justice Interrupted